Peterson began its long service when the Colorado Springs Army Air Base was established on May 6, 1942, at the Colorado Springs Municipal Airport, which had been in operation since 1926. In December 1942, it became the Army Support Command Base and was renamed Peterson Army Air Field as a tribute to 1st Lt. Edward J. Peterson, an operations officer with the 14th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron, who was killed during takeoff in his F-4. On March 1, 1976, Peterson Field was renamed Peterson Air Force Base, and continued its operations and base support mission under the Air Defense Command.
In 2020, many space functions were consolidated under the new branch of the military called the United States Space Force (USSF). Multiple Air Force Bases and Stations supporting USSF missions are now under one commander as of July 17, 2020. The command was designated the Peterson-Schriever Garrison. The Peterson-Schriever Garrison consists of one medical group, one Air Base Group, and two mission support groups that provide health care, mission readiness support, communication and information technology, security, civil engineering, fire protection, environmental management, manpower, personnel, logistics, contracting, base services and housing support for Operating Location Peterson, Operating Location Schriever, and Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station in Colorado, Thule Air Base in Greenland, New Boston Air Force Station in New Hampshire, and Kaena Point Air Force Station in Hawaii. The garrison supports more than 18,400 personnel who manage an annual budget of $285 million and administer nearly $1.1 billion in contracts.
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